Mansart, François


Mansart, François
(1598-1666)
   architect
   Born in Paris and trained within his family, François Mansart was responsible for the introduction of a purer, more classical mode into the prevailing French baroque style. His style and talent are already evident in his early works, including the hôtel de la Vrillère (1633) in Paris; the Orléans wing (1635-38) of the uncompleted château of Blois (done for gaston, duke of Orleans; and Maisons (1642), a private estate on the Seine River, known also as Maisons-Laffitte. Mansart's work for the queen mother marie de' medici on a palace and church to be added to the convent of the Val-de-Grâce in Paris was never completed, and he was dismissed, probably because of the project's expenses. By 1664, however, he was restored to royal favor and, in that year, was asked to submit plans for an extension of the louvre. He refused, nonetheless, to accept the restrictions imposed by King louis XIV on the work. Mansart also worked in Paris on the hôtel d'Aumont and on the hôtel carnavalet, both in the Renaissance style. in his project for the Bourbon chapel in the church of Saint-Denis, he developed a plan for a cupola that greatly influenced English architect christopher Wren (who met him in Paris in 1666), and also inspired his own nephew, jules hardouin-mansart. He had a significant influence, too, on the Austrian architect Johann Bern-hard Fischer von Erlach. Although Mansart is traditionally associated with the mansard style of roof, he did not actually devise the form, which is derived from italian architecture, but popularized it.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mansart, François — ▪ French architect Introduction Mansart also spelled  Mansard   born January 1598, Paris died September 1666       architect important for establishing classicism in Baroque architecture in mid 17th century France. His buildings are notable for… …   Universalium

  • Mansart, François — (1598 1666)    French architect, first trained by his father who was a carpenter. When his father died in 1610, Mansart completed his training with his brother in law, the architect Germain Gaultier who had collaborated with Salomon de Brosse. No …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • MANSART, François — (1598 1666)    See VERSAILLES PALACE, FRANCE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Francois Mansart — François Mansart Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansart. François Mansart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Mansart — François Mansart. François Mansart (eigentlich Nicolas François Mansart, auch Mansard; * 23. Januar 1598 in Paris; † 23. September 1666 in Paris) war ein französischer Architekt und Baumeister. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • François Mansart — François Mansart, detail of a double portrait of Mansart and Claude Perrault, by Philippe de Champaigne …   Wikipedia

  • Francois de Troy — François de Troy Portrait de Jules Hardouin Mansart François de Troy (Toulouse 1645 Paris 21 novembre 1730) peintre portraitiste français. Oeuvres Jules Hardouin Mansart, Château de Versailles. Portrait présumé de Madame Franqueville et de ses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François De Troy — Portrait de Jules Hardouin Mansart François de Troy (Toulouse 1645 Paris 21 novembre 1730) peintre portraitiste français. Oeuvres Jules Hardouin Mansart, Château de Versailles. Portrait présumé de Madame Franqueville et de ses enfants, (1712),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de troy — Portrait de Jules Hardouin Mansart François de Troy (Toulouse 1645 Paris 21 novembre 1730) peintre portraitiste français. Oeuvres Jules Hardouin Mansart, Château de Versailles. Portrait présumé de Madame Franqueville et de ses enfants, (1712),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Mansart — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansart. François Mansart Portrait gravé par Gérard Edelinck (1696) …   Wikipédia en Français